The current concept of sustainability appears for the first time in the Brundtland Report, published in 1987. Also called Our common future, this document prepared for the United Nations alerted for the first time to the negative environmental consequences of economic development and globalization, trying to offer solutions to the problems derived from industrialization and population growth.
Decades later, sustainability tries to guarantee the needs of the present without compromising future generations. How? Without giving up any of the three essential pillars: environmental protection, social development and economic growth.
Environmental, social and economic sustainability
Sustainability is assuming that nature and the environment are not an inexhaustible source of resources, requiring their protection and rational use. It is also in promoting social development, seeking cohesion between communities and cultures to achieve satisfactory levels of quality of life, health and education. But in addition, sustainability is promoting economic growth that generates equitable wealth for all without harming the environment.
Therefore, environmental sustainability, social sustainability and economic sustainability are closely related. Therefore, many of the challenges that human beings face such as climate change or water scarcity can only be solved from a global perspective and promoting sustainable development.